indigenous 7 treaty homelessness calgary

Indigenous Government (Treaty 7)

Treaty 7 is the last of the Numbered Treaties made between the Government of Canada and the Plains First Nations. It spans across southern Alberta and into the United States and is comprised of five First Nations: Kainai (Blood), Siksika, Piikani, Tsuu t’ina and Stoney Nakoda. Metis peoples of Region 3 also live in this region. The city of Calgary is located on Treaty 7 lands, but the First Peoples resided on the lands long before treaties were created and signed. Their descendants have continued to live here and are deeply tied to this territory.


Siksika Nation

Siksika has a total population of approximately 6,000 members, and is governed by a chief and twelve councillors, all of whom are elected by members for three-year terms. The current chief of the Siksika Nation is Joseph Weasel Child. The Siksika Nation is in the process of developing a framework for self-government which will define and control the Nation’s own destiny, and remove it from jurisdiction of The Indian Act which was legislated into force by the Canadian Government in 1876.


Kainai First Nation

The Blood Tribe has a population of 12,800 (2015) occupying approximately 549.7 square miles with a Timber Limit in the Rocky Mountains of approximately 7.5 square miles. Three rivers, the Old Man, St. Mary and Belly, border the Blood reserve. The traditional Blackfoot territory extends from the Rocky Mountains to the West; the Sand Hills to the East; to the North Saskatchewan in the North, and the Yellowstone in the South. The Blood Tribe Administration situated in Stand Off is the administrative centre of the Blood Tribe.


Piikani Nation

The Piikani Nation consists of roughly 3,600 registered members. Of this Population roughly 40% live off reserve in urban centers that surround the nation, many people move off the reserve to fulfill their needs that cannot be met within the community such as education, housing and employment.

The Piikani Nation has a land mass of 46,677.8 Hectares and two reserves 147a where the town site is located and 147b which is the timber reserve. Piikani engages in variety of functions with their Reserve lands from ranching to agriculture, spiritual to recreational activities. The Nation has one of the highest Post-Secondary graduate rate as such the Nation hosts a wide variety of professionals ranging from Lawyers, Doctors, Educators, Scientists, RCMP and Military personnel all of whom call Piikani home. The Piikani Nation remains a leader in various aspects of Aboriginal governance and have a rich history in shaping mainstream political movements in Canada that influence life on Aboriginal people.

tsuut ina nation

Tsuu T’ina Nation

The Tsuu T’ina Nation land area is 283.14 km² (109.32 sq mi), and it has a population of 1,982. The northeast portion of the reserve was used as part of CFB Calgary, a Canadian Army base, from 1910–1998. In 2006, The Tsuut’ina (Tsuu T’ina) or Sarcee are an Athabaskan (or Dene) nation whose reserve adjoins the southwestern city limits of Calgary, Alberta. The name “Sarcee” is believed to have originated from a Siksika (Blackfoot) word meaning boldness and hardiness. The Sarcee people call themselves Tsuut’ina (also Tsúùt’ínà), translated literally as “many people” or “every one (in the Nation).” According to oral tradition, the Tsuut’ina split from a northern nation, probably the Dane-zaa, and moved to the Plains, where they have maintained close contact with the Siksika, Cree and Stoney. Their acculturation to the Plains culture distinguishes them from other northern Dene people, but they have retained their Athabaskan language, Tsuut’ina.

stoney nakoda

Stoney Nakoda First Nation

Stoney-Nakoda or îyârhe Nakodabi, “Rocky Mountain Sioux,” are culturally and linguistically allied to the Plains Assiniboine, but in Saskatchewan and Montana are characterized by differences in language and culture. They speak the northern dialect of the Dakota language. Stoney oral tradition asserts that their forefathers resided along the Rocky Mountain foothills from time immemorial.

The economic base of the Stoney-Nakoda includes trapping, big-game hunting, guiding, ranching, lumbering, handicrafts, labouring and various professions. The Bearspaw, Chiniki, Stoney and Wesley Nations at Morley enjoy a high standard of living based on natural gas royalties and operate several commercial enterprises (such as stores, restaurants, service stations, a rodeo centre, a campground and the Nakoda Lodge). Their social life centres on family and cultural activities – the powwows, Treaty Days, rodeos, stampedes and camp meetings. Members of the four Nakoda Nations live at Morley, Bighorn, Eden Valley. Their population numbered over 3075 in 2012.


Metis Region 3

The Métis Nation of Alberta (MNA) is the representative voice of the Métis people in Alberta. As of November 2015, there were 29,114 Métis Albertans registered with the MNA. The MNA has a democratically elected President and 6 regionally elected presidents and vice presidents. Together these 13 individuals make up the Provincial Council. All decisions regarding policy, programs, and funding pass through Provincial Council which is governed by a set of Bylaws.

The MNA comprises of six regions in Alberta, of which Metis Region 3 covers all of southern Alberta. Operating within each region are Métis Locals, and these ‘locals’ have a locally elected president and vice president. These elected individuals bring local issues forward to their regional presidents and vice presidents to carry forward to the Provincial Council table. This structure facilities the promotion of local and regional interest for Métis to our Provincial table.